At the time he became king, France was financially ruined, politically corrupt, and divided between warring nobles and private armies and under the threat of riots from the people, especially in Paris. Absolutism is the system of rule that allows one or more rulers to maintain absolute power over everything in the land.
Dominium maris baltici Between the years of andSweden created a Baltic empire centred on the Gulf of Finland and comprising the provinces of KareliaIngriaEstoniaand Livonia.
During the same period Sweden conquered Danish and Norwegian provinces north of the Sound ; These victories may be ascribed to a well-trained army, which despite its comparatively small size, was far more professional than most continental armies, and also to a modernization of administration both civilian and military in the course of the 17th century, which enabled the monarchy to harness the Absolutism essay 9 of the country and its empire in an effective way.
Fighting in the field, the Swedish army which during the Thirty Years' War contained more German and Scottish mercenaries than ethnic Swedes, but was administered by the Swedish Crown Absolutism essay 9 was able, in particular, to make quick, sustained marches across large tracts of land and to maintain a high rate of small arms fire due to proficient military drill.
However, the Swedish state ultimately proved unable to support and maintain its army in a prolonged war. Campaigns on the continent had been proposed on the basis that the army would be financially self-supporting through plunder and taxation of newly gained land, a concept shared by most major powers of the period.
The cost of the warfare proved to be much higher than the occupied countries could fund, and Sweden's coffers, and resources in manpower, were eventually drained in the course of long conflicts. The foreign interventions in Russia during the Time of Troubles resulted in Swedish gains in the Treaty of Stolbovo The treaty deprived Russia of direct access to the Baltic Sea.
Russian fortunes began to reverse in the final years of the 17th century, notably with the rise to power of Peter the Greatwho looked to address the earlier losses and re-establish a Baltic presence. In the late s, the adventurer Johann Patkul managed to ally Russia with Denmark and Saxony by the secret Treaty of Preobrazhenskoyeand in the three powers attacked.
From his predecessor, he took over the Swedish Empire as an absolute monarch. Charles XI had tried to keep the empire out of wars, and concentrated on inner reforms such as reduction and allotmentwhich had strengthened the monarch's status and the empire's military abilities.
Charles XII refrained from all kinds of luxury and alcohol and usage of the French language, since he considered these things decadent and superfluous. He preferred the life of an ordinary soldier on horseback, not that of contemporary baroque courts. He determinedly pursued his goal of dethroning his adversaries, whom he considered unworthy of their thrones due to broken promises, thereby refusing to take several chances to make peace.
Mazepa died in in Ottoman exile. He commenced reforming the country, turning the Russian tsardom into a modernized empire relying on trade and on a strong, professional army and navy.
He greatly expanded the size of Russia during his reign while providing access to the Baltic, Black, and Caspian seas. His ambitions to transform the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth into an absolute monarchy were not realized due to the zealous nature of the Polish nobility and the previously initiated laws that decreased the power of the monarch.
His meeting with Peter the Great in Rawa Ruska in Septemberwhere the plans to attack Sweden were made, became legendary for its decadence. After the setbacks ofhe focused on transforming his state, an absolute monarchy, in a manner similar to Charles XI of Sweden. He did not achieve his main goal: He was not able to keep northern Swedish Pomerania, Danish from to THE GREAT ADVENTURE:PRESENT-DAY STUDIES IN AMERICAN NATIONALISM [Essay] 7.
LINCOLN AND FREE SPEECH. PATRIOTISM means to stand by the rutadeltambor.com does not mean to stand by the President or any other public official save exactly to the degree in . During the age of absolutism Louis XIV, known as the “sun king”, was a king who absolute power over France.
He was named king at age five and ruled until his death in The kings goals were all focused around one main thing, make France powerful.
He wanted to make France the most poewrful country in Europe. The Age of Absolutism was based upon the theory of the Divine Right of Kings, which is a religious and political policy that states that a ruling monarch is not subject to earthly authority, and his right to rule is derived directly from the will of God.
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The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors. Ap European The Age of Enlightenment Practice Test - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
The AP European History. Practice Test - The Age of Enlightenment(The Western Heritage Ch). Name: _____ Absolutism DBQ Mr. Hermance Global Studies II Part III DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION This question is based on the accompanying documents. It is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents.
Some of the documents have In your essay, be sure to.