Using to her advantage conventions of narrative stories such as character development, plot control, and irony, she is able to bring the reader into a world of emotions that society would scoff at.
Regrettably, however, these traditions are often overlooked by scholars and students of American literature. Because there presently are more than five hundred Native American tribes in the United States alone, it is impossible to encompass the geographic and cultural scope of the subject.
The temporal scope of the subject is equally daunting, ranging from at least BCE to the present. The formal borders of the field are similarly vast and included oral performances, videos of storytellers, films, novels, short stories, poems, ethnographies, dances, songs, graphic novels, cartoons, and various forms of material culture.
What follows, then, is a suggestive rather than definitive bibliography that ranges from the Arctic to Mesoamerica, from oral narratives about rock art to Pulitzer Prize—winning novels.
Because Native American oral literatures are extremely difficult to date according to the chronological scale of Western history, a more indigenous form of temporality is evoked. Rather than imagining a linear timeline, perhaps a better way to think of time in this context is as a dance that circles around, bringing very old stories to life so that they can be adapted to an ever-changing present.
The temporal depth of the stories is such that they recount a time when animals could still talk to humans, when the Hero Twins walked the Earth, and when tricksters like Coyote had their way. As the tricksters teach us, it is best to remain skeptical of eternal truths and to consider carefully the unexpected.
Reference Works This section includes reference works focused on a variety of themes.
Dillehay provides a useful research tool to help students and scholars understand the millennia before European contact. Bataille and Lisa provides a useful resource for scholars and students interested in the biographies of Native American women. Johansen and Grinde provides a more expansive reference work for Native American biographies.
Wiget provides a particularly helpful reference for understanding the oral tradition. Cambridge University Press, Includes two parts, both focused on Mesoamerica.
Volume 3, also in two parts, focuses on indigenous cultures of South America. The historical range of the collection spans from the period of contact to the present and is a valuable resource for including Native American women in a history that was long focused largely on Indian men.
The Settlement of the Americas: A useful work because of its overview of debates within the field, which frequently undergoes dramatic revisions with the discovery of new archaeological materials. The Native American Almanac: A Portrait of Native America Today.
The list of addresses for all US tribal governments is a valuable resource for those working on contemporary issues. The Encyclopedia of Native American Biography. Also contains information on non-Indians, such as Benjamin Franklin, who played a significant role in Indian—white relations.
Handbook of North American Indians. The handbook contains information about all indigenous cultures north of Mesoamerica. The articles include a wealth of material: Well indexed with extensive bibliographies.All sections of English offer students an introduction to the concepts, terms, and practices commonly encountered in literary study, presented by way of texts from the history of American literature that appropriately .
Josie Fenner ENG , Prof. C. Agatucci Midterm Literary Analysis Paper 29 October The Lord of the Rings. Some stories can affect people emotionally, but once in a while a story can call a person to escape to it.
Psychoanalytic literary criticism is literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud.. Psychoanalytic reading has been practiced since the early development of psychoanalysis itself, and has developed into a heterogeneous interpretive tradition.
A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah LIT 1 Early American Literature.
3 Units (Degree Applicable, CSU, UC) Lecture: 54 Prerequisite: ENGL 1A. American literature of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries.
Emphasizes writers who created an American literary identity and shaped America's cultural mythology. Literature, a body of written rutadeltambor.com name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution.
Literature may be classified according to a variety of systems, including language, national origin, historical period, genre, and subject matter.