The Environment When walking into any toy store it is not difficult to see what section is for boys and what is for girls. When I went to Walmart, walked in and asked an associate where the toys were and immediately got the response for boys or girls. As I was walking down the aisle I figured out that the toys do reinforce gender socialization by the color of the toy, its gender, and by giving the toys gender a stereotype. When going through the boys section of the Walmart I noticed that the colors of the toys are usually black, blue, red, and orange which are perceived to be more boyish colors.
As children move through childhood and into adolescence, they are exposed to many factors which influence their attitudes and behaviors regarding gender roles. These attitudes and behaviors are generally learned first in the home and are then reinforced by the child's peers, school experience, and television viewing.
However, the strongest influence on gender role development seems to occur within the family setting, with parents passing on, both overtly and covertly, to their children their own beliefs about gender. This overview of the impact of parental influence on gender role development leads to the suggestion that an androgynous gender role orientation may be more beneficial to children than strict adherence to traditional gender roles.
Introduction Children learn at a very early age what it means to be a boy or a girl in our society. Through a myriad of activities, opportunities, encouragements, discouragements, overt behaviors, covert suggestions, and various forms of guidance, children experience the process of gender role socialization.
It is difficult for a child to grow to adulthood without experiencing some form of gender bias or stereotyping, whether it be the expectation that boys are better than girls at math or the idea that only females can nurture children.
A child's burgeoning sense of self, or self concept, is a result of the multitude of ideas, attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs that he or she is exposed to.
The information that surrounds the child and which the child internalizes comes to the child within the family arena through parent-child interactions, role modeling, reinforcement for desired behaviors, and parental approval or disapproval Santrock, As children move into the larger world of friends and school, many of their ideas and beliefs are reinforced by those around them.
A further reinforcement of acceptable and appropriate behavior is shown to children through the media, in particular, television.
Stores often have separate areas or even floors for girls' and boys' merchandise, which researchers say gives the impression that some toys are out of bounds. Here we have some of the best collection of essays specially written for kids. Read sample, short, long, descriptive and narrative essays on various subjects. Just recently Ne-Yo, an R&B superstar, made a surprise visit to Blue Hill Boys & Girls Club and signing autographs and distributing toys for the kids. In the Boys & Girls Club of Western Broome received a grant and are now partners with Payless.
Through all these socialization agents, children learn gender stereotyped behavior. As children develop, these gender stereotypes become firmly entrenched beliefs and thus, are a part of the child's self concept. From the time their children are babies, parents treat sons and daughters differently, dressing infants in gender specific colors, giving gender differentiated toys, and expecting different behavior from boys and girls Thorne, Children even deny the reality of what they are seeing when it doesn't conform to their gender expectations i.
Sons have a definite edge as far as parental preference for children is concerned. This preference for male children is further emphasized by the finding that parents are more likely to continue having children if they have only girls than if they have only boys Hoffman, Reasons given by women for their preference for sons are to please their husbands, to carry on the family name, and to be a companion to the husband.
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|Free Essays on Toys and Gender Socialization||Share via Email Researchers have worried about the impact of having toys segregated by gender for some time. Just last month, the White House held a conference on gender stereotypes in toys and media, with many toy manufacturers and experts attending.|
Reasons for wanting daughters include having a companion for themselves and to have fun dressing a girl and doing her hair Hoffman, While both mothers and fathers contribute to the gender stereotyping of their children, fathers have been found to reinforce gender stereotypes more often than mothers Ruble, Boys are more likely than girls to have maintenance chores around the house, such as painting and mowing the lawn, while girls are likely to have domestic chores such as cooking and doing the laundry Basow, This assignment of household tasks by gender leads children to link certain types of work with gender.
The parent-child relationship has effects on development that last well into adulthood. Often, parents give subtle messages regarding gender and what is acceptable for each gender - messages that are internalized by the developing child Arliss, Sex role stereotypes are well established in early childhood.
Benefits of Androgynous Gender Role Orientation While there may be some benefit to adhering to strict gender role stereotypes i. These costs include limiting opportunities for both boys and girls, ignoring talent, and perpetuating unfairness in our society Beal, Parents who espouse an egalitarian attitude regarding gender roles are more likely to foster this attitude in their children.
Families with one or more androgynous parent i. Because of the strong influence of parents on gender role socialization, those parents who wish to be gender fair and encourage the best in both their sons and their daughters would do well to adopt an androgynous gender role orientation and encourage the same in their children.
Gender stereotypes and roles, 3rd ed. The development of gender roles. Communication and sex role socialization. Maternal employment in parents' perceptions of their three-year-old children.
Child Development, 55, Current conceptions of sex roles and sex typing: Gender stereotyping in young children: Evidence to support a concept-learning approach.
Sex Roles, 14, Toys for boys facilitate competition, control, agency, and dominance; those for girls promote cooperation and nurturance.
there is no research linking gendered marketing of toys and books and. Toys that can be aimed at both boys and girls were either in neutral colors or boys' colors, because society has taught us that it is okay for girl to play with boys toys, but not vice versa. An in class example was that the K'nex was packaged in orange, which is a neutral color.
Essay Gender and Relationship of Children By: Your Name Here For: Professor name here Psychology Introduction The topic of sex differences in the play preschoolers has been explored by many researchers in the past.
Studies have been conducted on basic sex differences such as what toys and gender of playmates do young boys and girls prefer. Gender Stereotypes Among Children's Toys When you walk into the toy section of any store, you do not need a sign to indicate which section is the girls’ side and which section is the boys’ side.
I think boys naturally seem to prefer playing with "boys' toys" and girls with "girls' toys". When I was young I had toy cars, trucks, guns and things like that, whereas my . Girls played with the toys in the girl boxes and boys gravitated to the toys in the boy boxes. Both genders focused on the toys in the boxes meant for their gender and did not pay much attention.