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The Language of the Prison Community Category: That year the theme of the English Language Festival was the Language of Place and Community, and prisoners were invited to listen to a talk about the origins and development of prison cant, slang and jargon and, at the same time, to contribute their own knowledge of prison language and to talk about their use of it.
Six prisoners, two officers and a university professor engaged in a two-and-a-half-hour seminar that mixed lecture, class work and chat.
One prisoner was new to the system; another had spent ten years in various prisons.
Two prisoners came from Europe, and one of them was more interested in learning Standard English than Prison English. The most voluble prisoner was an Afro-Caribbean; the most informative made the comment that the important thing about prison lingo is its wit.
The glossary at the end of this article gives the words and terms that these men provided. A number of items are good proofs of prison wit.
Prison is a rich place for talk. Randy Kearse, an American convict, spent nine years in prison compiling a dictionary that he called it Street Slang.
It was published in He planned to collect terms, and he ended up with 10, Most people have use from 20, to 50, words so that leaves a lot of words to spare, many thousands of them are slang words. Randy Hearse was not making a dictionary of prison lingo exclusively, but prison is a good place, he says, to collect words.
So being able to talk witty, being able to talk slick, really highlights you as an individual.
The English Project is very interested in the languages, or lingoes as we like to call them, of special groups because they can tells us a great deal about the English language.
Prison lingo is a special version of the English language.
Prison lingo is primarily a spoken language; it can be written down, but it is not intended to be used for writing and so it has it own special features and its own problems for students. Prison lingo overlaps with street talk, teentalk, rhyming slang, Cockney, and the home dialects of prisoners so it is sometimes difficult to say whether this word or that phrase should be included, but there is a host of words that are clearly part of prison lingo.
Julie Coleman, a linguist at the University of Leicester, has provided some useful terms to help us discuss special forms of the English language like prison lingo.
She talks about slang, jargon and cant: Coleman, qtd by Ellis Prison lingo has elements of all three: Cant, or secret language, is perhaps the oldest form of prison lingo. They were all different kinds of tricksters and conmen.
People talking Romani would truly be talking a secret language as far as the London thief takers were concerned. Becker-Ho, qtd by Ellis And that contrasts with London cant which thief takers were as likely to know as the thieves themselves. Jargon and slang provide further words.
Jargon is where the language of the law and the language of prisoners overlap. By contrast with cant and slang, jargon is a formal kind of language, as likely to appear in writing as in speech. Those examples are all acronyms, and the majority of prison officer terms in the website glossaries are made up that way.
Inthere was a great debate about it - in the House of Lords, the law courts, and the Scottish Parliament. BBC News If cant is the oldest kind of prison lingo, slang will be the most recent kind.Escalating conflict between two individuals or groups that results from use of polar terms to describe and defend perceptions of reality Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis How thought influences one's reality and how one's thought process is influenced by one's language.
Regionalism definition is - consciousness of and loyalty to a distinct region with a homogeneous population. How to use regionalism in a sentence. consciousness of and loyalty to a distinct region with a homogeneous population. The terms "language" and "dialect" are not necessarily mutually exclusive, although it is often perceived to be.
 Thus there is nothing contradictory in the statement "the language of the Pennsylvania Dutch is a dialect of German". The Language of Anatomy ExErcisE 1–2 human torso models 2 human skeletons, one male and one female terms with superior and inferior.
They also find the terms anterior/ventral and posterior/dorsal confusing epigastric region b. right hypochondriac region c. left hypochondriac region d. umbilical region e. They spoke a mutually intelligible language, similar to modern Frisian - the language of the northeastern region of the Netherlands - that is called Old English.
Four major dialects of Old English emerged, Northumbrian in the north of England, Mercian in the Midlands, West Saxon in the south and west, and Kentish in the Southeast. Words that are not a part of standard vocabulary or language, and which are used informally, are called “slang.” These words are more commonly used in speech than in writing.
Every culture and every region across the globe has its own slang.