Before -- Prior to the arrival of the first European explorers, numerous tribes of the Indians of Texas occupied the region between the Rio Grande to the south and the Red River to the north. Mid -- Sailing from a base in Jamaica, Alonso Alvarez de Pineda, a Spanish adventurer, was the first known European to explore and map the Texas coastline. November -- Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecked on what is believed today to be Galveston Island.
Grand CanyonArizona Along the Pacific Ocean coast lie the Coast Rangeswhich, while not approaching the scale of the Rocky Mountainsare formidable nevertheless. They collect a large part of the airborne moisture moving in from the ocean.
Beyond the valleys lie the country boys in Sierra Nevada in the south and the Cascade Range in the north. The Cascades are also volcanic. Helensa volcano in the Cascades erupted explosively in These mountain ranges see heavy precipitation, capturing most of the moisture that remains after the Coast Ranges, and creating a rain shadow to the east forming vast stretches of arid land.
These dry areas encompass much of NevadaUtahand Arizona. The Mojave Desert and Sonoran Desert along with other deserts are found here. Beyond the deserts lie the Rocky Mountains.
In the north, they run almost immediately east of the Cascade Rangeso that the desert region is only a few miles wide by the time one reaches the Canada—US border. The Rockies are hundreds of miles kilometers wide, and run uninterrupted from New Mexico to Alaska. East of the Rocky Mountains is the Great Plains, the western portions for example, the eastern half of Colorado of which are generally considered to be part of the western United States.
The West has several long rivers that empty into the Pacific Oceanwhile the eastern rivers run into the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi River forms the easternmost possible boundary for the West today.
The Missouri Rivera tributary of the Mississippiflows from its headwaters in the Rocky Mountains eastward across the Great Plainsa vast grassy plateau, before sloping gradually down to the forests and hence to the Mississippi.
The Colorado River is a major source of water in the Southwest and many dams, such as the Hoover Damform reservoirs along it. So much water is drawn for drinking water throughout the West and irrigation in California that in most years, water from the Colorado River no longer reaches the Gulf of California.
Public lands account for 25 to 75 percent of the total land area in these states. Also, the climate of the West is quite unstable, as areas that are normally wet can be very dry for years and vice versa.
The seasonal temperatures vary greatly throughout the West. Low elevations on the West Coast have warm summers and mild winters with little to no snow. The desert southwest has very hot summers and mild winters. While the mountains in the southwest receive generally large amounts of snow.
The Inland Northwest has a continental climate of warm to hot summers and cold to bitter cold winters. Annual rainfall is greater in the eastern portions, gradually tapering off until reaching the Pacific Coast where it increases again.
In fact, the greatest annual rainfall in the United States falls in the coastal regions of the Pacific Northwest. Drought is much more common in the West than the rest of the United States.
The driest place recorded in the U. Tornadoes occur every spring on the southern plains, with the most common and most destructive centered on Tornado Alleywhich covers eastern portions of the West, Texas to North Dakotaand all states in between and to the east.
Agriculture varies depending on rainfall, irrigation, soil, elevation, and temperature extremes. The arid regions generally support only livestock grazing, chiefly beef cattle.
The wheat belt extends from Texas through The Dakotasproducing most of the wheat and soybeans in the U.
Irrigation in the Southwest allows the growing of great quantities of fruits, nuts, and vegetables as well as grain, hay, and flowers.
Texas is a major cattle and sheep raising area, as well as the nation's largest producer of cotton. Washington is famous for its apples, and Idaho for its potatoes.About Us WHAT'S OUR GOAL. East Dallas Developmental Center is a non-profit childcare center serving the East Dallas community for more than 30 years.
Mississippi State University is an equal opportunity institution. Discrimination in university employment, programs or activities based on race, color, ethnicity, sex, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as a U.S.
veteran, or any other status protected by applicable law is prohibited. An Upper West Side Boomlet. New York Times, Sept. 26, Downtown may be enjoying more buzz. But the Upper West Side, that not-too-edgy, not-too-bland land of large parks and elegant prewar facades, is holding up its end of the conversation.
Publisher of academic books and electronic media publishing for general interest and in a wide variety of fields. Mapping California’s Seafloor. UPDATE August – The first set of formal map products from the California Seafloor Mapping Program are now available on the United States Geological Survey website..
This first map set covers Hueneme Canyon and vicinity, and includes 12 map sheets displaying seafloor characteristics, an explanatory pamphlet, and a data catalog of GIS files.
Development Of The West Beyond The Mississippi The years to were a period of great growth for the United States.
It was during this time period that the United states came to the conclusion that it had a manifest destiny, that is, it was commanded by god .