During all the years of his rule, Russia was not involved in a single major war. He took the throne when Russia was at its worse, when revolutionary terror raged, and passed it onto his successors perfectly pacified. Brought up as a Grand Prince, rather than a future Tsar, he was destined for a military career.
Great Reforms of Alexander II Updated on September 24, more Rebecca Graf is a seasoned writer with nearly a decade of experience and degrees in accounting, history, and creative writing. During the reign of Alexander II, many reforms were instituted that changed Russia forever.
These reforms brought the nation in line with the rest of Western Europe and helped the nation find a firmer footing within itself and with the rest of the world.
Yet, these reforms did not come without a cost.
The reforms of the last half of the nineteenth century under Alexander II would prove to be blessings and curses to the Russian nation. Emancipation of Serfs The most renown of the reforms that occurred under Alexander II was the emancipation of the serfs in This was an act unprecedented in history as the American emancipation of the slaves would not occur for two more years.
The number of serfs reached as much as 52 million of which about half belonged to private families and were not part of the state. Freeing so many people was not something that could be done overnight or was something that would not affect the nation as a whole.
Peasant rebellions were quite common in Russia with it being noted by some historians to be over fourteen hundred that occurred in fifty years.
These rebellions took a toll on the economy as well as the landed gentry.
If the serfs did not rebel, they simply ran away. This number could be as many as thousands fleeing at one time in the hope of rumored freedom in such places as Caucasus. The louder the wheel of serfdom squeaked, the more attention the nation gave it. Source The Appeal It was only a year after assuming the throne that Alexander II announced the appeal of abolishing serfdom.
He looked to the nobility and gentry for their opinion and even accessed the public stand on the topic.
Committees were established that reviewed the effect of emancipation and the best way to go about it. The end result was the abolishment of serfdom and the freedom for millions of serfs on March 3, Having the state and the large estates suddenly without the workers they relied on would be detrimental to the nation.
Also, where would the serfs go once they were free was another consideration. They needed land which they received carved out of the very land they called home which they paid back over the next fifty to sixty years.
They gave the newly freed population too little land and land that logistically could not support a population on its own. Water rights could be nonexistent or questionable.
This kept the gentry into a position of authority and kept the peasants in a form of slavery that they theoretically could get out of it. Awareness The Russian government did not enter into the era of emancipated serfs without knowing the consequences. It hit them much quicker than they had anticipated and would require a quick response.
The reason for this was the new number of free people who once were under the protection of the landed gentry. They took care of their every economic need including their health and education. The quality of this varied, of course, from landowner to landowner, but the care of the peasants could not be ignored once they were free.
This became a problem not just for the landowner but the public at large.Coming to the throne in in the middle of the conflict, Alexander II was unable to save Russia from military failure, but the humiliation convinced him that, if his nation was to have stability and peace at home and be honoured abroad, military and domestic reforms were vitally necessary.
Alexander III was the Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland from 13 March [O.S. 1 March] until his death on 1 November [O.S. 20 October] He was highly conservative and reversed some of the liberal reforms of his father, Alexander II.
During Alexander's reign Russia fought no major wars, and he was therefore styled "The Peacemaker". During the February Revolution, Czar Nicholas II, ruler of Russia since , is forced to abdicate the throne on this day in , after strikes and general revolts break out in Petrograd (now St.
Start studying Chapter 30 WH. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. How did czars Alexander III and Nicholas II deal with calls for reform? They resisted all efforts for reform. In which country did Nationalists lead a successful rebellion against its sultan and then reform the government with.
Alexander III the Peacemaker Emperor Alexander III, dubbed as The Peacemaker, raised Russia’s prestige abroad and kept his country in peace and order. Nicholas II Nicholas II . Q6: Compare the reform measures of Czars Alexander II and Nicholas II with respect to their contents and effects.
Russia had undergone tremendous changes during the 19th century and from to , two Russian Czars Alexander II and Nicholas II had totally two different methods of dealing with the problems in Russia.