In the comic play, The Clouds BCAristophanes represents Socrates as a sophistic philosopher who teaches the young man Pheidippides how to formulate arguments that justify striking and beating his father. Despite Socrates denying he had any relation with the Sophists, the playwright indicates that Athenians associated the philosophic teachings of Socrates with Sophism. Such representations of inter-generational social conflict among the men of Athens, especially in the decade from to BC, can reflect contrasting positions regarding opposition to or support for the Athenian invasion of Sicily. Socrates left no written works, but his student and friend, Platowrote Socratic dialoguesfeaturing Socrates as the protagonist.
Reddit The trial of Socrates marked an interesting turning point in the lives of his followers. It is important to note that Socrates philosopher did not have any known written works that directly communicated his ideologies or narrated his life.
Instead, what the modern world know about Socrates and his Socratic ideologies have come from the works of his students and predecessors.
Plato was one of the students of Socrates. Three of his popular works presented Socratic arguments about piousness, wisdom and ignorance, and justice. To be specific, through the Socratic Dialogues composed of the Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito, Plato chronicled the last days before and after the trial of Socrates—who prepared and argued against the accusation that he corrupted the youth and introduced novel beliefs that went against traditional and deity-centric ideologies of the Athenians.
A definition of piety according to Socrates In the imagined dialogue Euthyphro, Plato presented Socrates as having a conversation with the religious expert Euthyphro.
Both men were trying to define piety. It is important to note that Socrates was accused of impiety or perceived failure to show reverence for something considered sacred and traditional.
Some of his works were deemed offensive because they questioned the nature and existence of gods and goddesses. The Athenians were deeply occupied with their religious and spiritual beliefs. Participating in rituals and other practices were not only important part of the Athenian life but also a seemingly required social obligation.
In the Euthyphro, Plato presented Socrates as someone who was eager to approach a religious expert to question the commonly accepted definition of piety. For him, he found some of the definitions incomplete, subjective, and even blasphemous Plato 5d, 6e-7a, and 10 a, in Morgan The Platonic and Socratic notion about belief and piety nonetheless centres on the give-and-take relationship between the people and the gods.
Simply put, piety is an obligation in which people must shower the gods with reverence in exchange for favours and blessings. Although it appears that Socrates had a firm grip of the nature of piety, he maintained that it was essential to question the nature of belief. This notion put him in trouble.
As discussed in Euthyphro, Socrates was accused as an inventor of gods and who declined to recognise older ones. Wisdom begins with ignorance: The defence of Socrates against impiety Part of the trial of Socrates was the defence put forth against accusations of impiety.
He did this by arguing about the nature of philosophers and their natural inclination toward the search for wisdom. Apology is another work by Plato. This is one of the written works based from the BC speech delivered by Socrates as he defended himself before the public against allegations of misconduct.
Other philosophers such as Xenophon also wrote their versions of the infamous Socratic speech. Although discrepancies exist among these versions, they all featured the same apologetic nature of the message. It is actually a type of literature or rhetoric written or delivered for self-defence or in defence of actions or ideologies and delivered before the public.
For this reason, the version of the apology written by Plato delivered the argument made by Socrates as he defended himself from accusations against piety.
Central to his argument was the definition of the nature of philosophy and wisdom in relation to his alleged misconduct toward beliefs and traditions. Specifically, Socrates and to a certain extent, Plato believed that questioning the existence and purpose of gods and goddesses or other traditional ideologies were obvious and logical part of their philosophical inquiry.
This argument reiterated the Socratic concept that philosophy and wisdom begin with sincere admission of ignorance. To do so, had to promote his credibility and establish the wickedness and ridiculousness of the people who accused him of wrongdoing.
He slammed his accusers, saying: Moreover, those accusers are numerous and have been accusing me for a long time now. Besides, they also spoke to you at that age when you would most readily believe them, when some of you were children and young boys.
The quoted passage from the Platonic version of the apology suggests that during the trial of Socrates, he was not only defensive but also assertive when it came to debunking the credibility of his accusers.
He was not really aggressive or hostile however. The philosopher was simply debunking the accusations thrown at him by establishing his credibility and accomplishments, as well as by highlighting the fact that his accusers had always been behind his back and had always failed.
After presenting the aforementioned direction of his argument, a compelling argument was delivered during the trial of Socrates.Oct 25, · In Apology, Plato tells the story of Socrates’ trial, describing his behavior and his unique defense during the trial process.
Socrates is innocent because his philosophic thought is 5/5(3). The trial, last days, and death of Socrates are successively related in several works by Plato.
These works are the Apology (i.e. Defence Speech), Euthyphro, Crito and Phaedo - links to more detail of events as recorded by Plato are set out below: . Major Themes and Questions Surrounding the Trial of Socrates: Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave,” Plato’s Apology, and Plato’s Crito) by analyzing relevant ideas and arguments in depth; and you should draw upon selected secondary sources introduce novel Cloud-goddesses into Athens, and teaches a young man that incest and father.
Finding an answer to the mystery of the trial of Socrates is complicated by the fact that the two surviving accounts of the defense (or apology) of Socrates both come from disciples of his, Plato and Xenophon.
The Apology of Socrates by Plato is the Socratic dialogue that presents the speech of legal self-defence, which Socrates presented at his trial for impiety and corruption in rutadeltambor.coms: Plato was only a generation younger than Socrates, and with so many illustrious people in attendance at the trial who would still have been alive when he wrote, Plato would hardly have dared to fabricate or even greatly embellish Socrates’ statements.